Vitamin K is a bunch of Lipophilic, hydrophobic vitamins or you called a group of vitamins
and this Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin which is found in vegetables and fruits. They are 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone subordinates. All individuals from the Vitamin K gathering of vitamin offer a methylated the naphthoquinone ring structure and fluctuate in the aliphatic side chain appended at the 3-position. Vitamin K1 perpetually contains in its side chain four isoprenoid deposits, one of which is unsaturated. The two types of vitamins contain a practical naphthoquinone ring and an aliphatic side chain and phylloquinone itself has the phytyl side chain.
USES of VITAMIN K in the BODY
The uses of Vitamin K, its prevents blood clots in the body and improves healthy bones, if you take a blood thinner medicines such as warfarin (Anticoagulant) then you should consume a few amounts of Vitamin K according to your age and sex and also according to RDA for adults 70-140 mcg. Also, Vitamin K helps to kill bacteria.
NUTRITIOUS SOURCES of VITAMIN K
The sources of Vitamins K which are found in it are
Vitamin k is mostly present in Green leafy vegetables, spinach, alpha, cabbage, cheese, tomatoes, cheddar, broccoli, and other kinds of vegetables you also get from meat, egg yolk, liver.
FUNCTIONS of VITAMIN K
Vitamin K goes about as a particular coenzyme for the post-translational change of particular proteins, generally needed for blood clotting yet additionally engaged with digestion pathways in bone and other tissue.
- It is responsible for the g-carboxylation of various proteins concerned with blood clotting.
- It is synthesized by the intestinal flora.
- Warafin is Vitamin k antagonistic.
- Responsible for synthesis of clotting factors II, VII, IX, X.
DAILY NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENT
For grown-ups and as per RDA 70 to 150 g day. Since it’s integrated into the stomach, it’s suggested that at any rate, an outsized portion of the prerequisite Vitamin K should tend through food.
Deficiency of VITAMIN K CAUSES
See, Vitamin K deficiency is rarely seen in adults. But in newborn babies are at very high risk of Vitamin K deficiency and they are found to have the highest deficits. Other people who have Vitamin K deficiency, such as those who have cystic fibrosis, are Inflammatory bowel disease, or a patient who has undergone abdominal surgery or someone who has liver damage, and also those who are undergoing treatment for anticoagulants.
Those who have uncontrolled bleeding time, clotting time, and prothrombin time, they also have vitamin K deficiency and for people who have vitamin K deficiency, if they have a minor injury, a lot of blood can come out. Also, blood coagulation antagonistically influenced Vitamin K insufficiency.
ABSORPTION AND METABOLISM OF VITAMIN K
Vitamin K in the eating regimen is assimilated during lipid absorption which requires the presence of bile. Vitamin K2 is likewise blended by intestinal microscopic organisms. Through lymph, it enters general blood dissemination and taken to the liver. In the liver, Vitamin K is fused in Lower Density Cholesterol and moved to different tissues. It is put away fundamentally in the liver and fat tissue.